Sweet Potato Muffins
As you can see the germ and bran contain lots of healthy stuff that is not found in the endosperm. Whole grains are cereal grains in their natural state ie they contain all three main parts endosperm bran and germ. Refined grains are groats from which the bran and germ have been removed by grinding and sifting. Refining causes the grains to lose some of their nutritional value. Sometimes nutrients such as vitamins are added back. But as these represent a small fraction of the nutrients removed refined grains are nutritionally inferior to whole grains. Removing the bran and grinding the grains into a fine powder increases the glycemic index value (GI) of the grain ie you digest glucose from refined grains quicker than glucose from whole grains which as a diabetic is not what you want.
To beat your diabetes you need to eat food that is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values ie it releases glucose into your bloodstream relatively slowly. Some kinds of bread fit this bill; others do not. Bread is made from flour ie grain that has been ground into powder. Common wheat is usually used because its flour has high levels of gluten which gives the dough sponginess and elasticity. But bread is also made from other species of wheat (eg durum and spelt) and other grains such as rye barley corn (maize) and oats. The non-wheat grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour. The quality of bread depends largely on the protein content of the flour. The best breads use flour with 12 to 14% protein rather than all-purpose wheat flour which only contains 9 to 12% protein.
Flatbreads are made from unleavened dough of flour water and salt though a few are made with yeast. Flatbreads are especially popular in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. Roti is the unleavened whole-wheat bread of India; chapatti is the large version of roti; naan is the leavened equivalent. Bread for diabetics To beat your diabetes you need to ensure that the food you eat is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values. This is a fairly easy thing to do... all you have to do is read the labels to see the amount of sugar fat salt and fibre in a particular loaf of bread. The problem with the labels for breads is that they do not normally indicate the glycemic index (GI) value of the bread.
Bread and the glycemic index The glycemic index rates foods on a scale of 1 to 100 based on how the foods affect your blood glucose levels. A rating of less than 55 is considered low 56 to 69 medium and 70 plus high. Bread ranges from 34 to 73 or more depending on the kind of grains used to make it. Bread with a low rating will be broken down more slowly in your gut giving you a steady increase in your blood sugar level. Bread with a GI value of 70 or more will cause your blood glucose to spike ie to surge and then drop suddenly. Labels for bread do not usually show whether bread has a low GI value. However you can usually estimate whether the GI value is low or not by checking the ingredients. These are usually listed in descending order by weight.