Rice Flour Bread Gluten Free Brown Rice Flour Bread Gluten Free Gluten Free Bread Recipe Sweet Rice Flour Zucchini Bread Gluten Free Rice Flour Gluten Free
To beat your diabetes you need to eat food that is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values ie it releases glucose into your bloodstream relatively slowly. Some kinds of bread fit this bill; others do not. Bread is made from flour ie grain that has been ground into powder. Common wheat is usually used because its flour has high levels of gluten which gives the dough sponginess and elasticity. But bread is also made from other species of wheat (eg durum and spelt) and other grains such as rye barley corn (maize) and oats. The non-wheat grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour. The quality of bread depends largely on the protein content of the flour. The best breads use flour with 12 to 14% protein rather than all-purpose wheat flour which only contains 9 to 12% protein.
So if the first ingredient is whole-wheat flour it is likely that the bread has a lower GI value than bread for which refined flour is listed as the first ingredient. Sometimes the percentage by weight of each main ingredient is shown in brackets in the list and this information can be used to estimate whether the bread has a low GI value. Breads diabetics should avoid White rolls have a GI value of about 73 white loaf about 71 and baguettes a rating of 95 which is extremely high. Indeed to control your diabetes you need to avoid all white bread and also brown bread as it is essentially only coloured white bread. Other breads you need to avoid are quick breads such as Irish soda bread unless they are made from wholemeal flour breads with a high salt content and malted breads which usually have a high sugar content.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).