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It is the high fibre in the bran of the whole grains which slows the release of glucose. Whole grains are great for our health in many other ways thanks to their high levels of vitamins and minerals. Most whole grains are particularly rich in B vitamins. Whole grains also have plenty of protein. One of these proteins is gluten. Gluten makes dough elastic which helps it to rise and keep its shape. It constitutes about 80% of the protein in wheat seed which is one reason why wheat is popular for bread-making. It is also found in barley and rye. Making bread Bread is made by mixing up dough a paste of flour and water (or other liquid). The dough is usually leavened (see below) allowed to rise and then cooked. Breads may also contain extra ingredients such as salt or butter to improve taste.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).
These fruits don t require extra acid. Using stone fruits like cherries and apricots or working with blueberries apples pears and other low acid fruits will often require the addition of a little acid. Lemon juice is generally the best. You can combine these fruits together without much effort. Bread machine jam cycle recipes generally call for 2 cups of fruit 3 ¼ cups of sugar and for those that need acid an extra 2 tablespoons of lemon juice. Other Doughs Anyone who loves Italian food should rejoice if they own a bread maker. The dough setting is excellent for churning out those difficult to produce pasta doughs. You ll need a floured surface to work on still of course If you have a pasta press even better. You ll be able to yield fine gourmet pastas with it s help. Rolling pins can help as well. The rustic texture created with the help of a rolling pin can be charming on its own. Cookies are another possibility with the help of your bread machine. So are pie crusts dumplings and nearly anything else that requires a challenging dough. Keep a rubber spatula on hand for working with non-cake or bread doughs however. You may need to check the machine every five minutes and gently scrape down the sides to ensure that ingredients mix evenly. Cookies can be a bit more difficult especially if you are adding in ingredients such as nuts or chocolate chips that could cause the dough hook to get stuck. Check cookie doughs every 2-3 minutes.