Chickpea Flour Pizza Vegan Gluten Free Nut Free Soy Free Vegan Nachos With Nut Free Nacho Cheese Vegan Richa Soy Free Nut Free Gluten Free Recipe Jump To
As you can see bread can contain ingredients that those of us who have type 2 diabetes need to avoid... salt and fats. It pays to check the labels. Leavening Leavening is the adding of gas to the dough creating bubbles that make it swell up. This makes the bread lighter and easier to chew. When flour and water are combined to make dough the starch in the flour mixes with the water to form a matrix. When this mixture is leavened (ie gas is added) the dough rises . Then when it sets the bubbles remain trapped in the dough. There are several ways dough can be leavened. However most types of bread are leavened using biological agents containing micro-organisms that release carbon dioxide as part of their life-cycle. These are either yeasts or sourdough starters. Yeast ferments some of the carbohydrates in the flour.
The most popular is baking powder a mixture of a carbonate or bicarbonate (usually sodium bicarbonate) and one or more acid salts. Baking powder works by releasing carbon dioxide gas into the dough when it gets wet creating bubbles that expand the wet mixture. It is used instead of yeast for breads where the flavours of fermentation would be undesirable or where the dough lacks the elastic structure needed to hold gas bubbles for more than a few minutes. Because carbon dioxide is released at a faster rate through the acid-base reaction than through fermentation breads made by chemical leavening are called quick breads. Examples of quick breads include Irish soda bread banana bread pancakes carrot cake and muffins.The big question for diabetics of course is whether the rising method has any effect on the glycemic index (GI) value of the bread.
It is the high fibre in the bran of the whole grains which slows the release of glucose. Whole grains are great for our health in many other ways thanks to their high levels of vitamins and minerals. Most whole grains are particularly rich in B vitamins. Whole grains also have plenty of protein. One of these proteins is gluten. Gluten makes dough elastic which helps it to rise and keep its shape. It constitutes about 80% of the protein in wheat seed which is one reason why wheat is popular for bread-making. It is also found in barley and rye. Making bread Bread is made by mixing up dough a paste of flour and water (or other liquid). The dough is usually leavened (see below) allowed to rise and then cooked. Breads may also contain extra ingredients such as salt or butter to improve taste.