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The intuitive answer is that it must worsen the GI value because it introduces air into the matrix. But according to researchers in New Zealand the leavening agents used in making bread do not have any impact on the GI of the bread. Types of bread There are hundreds of different breads in the world. Here are a few of the most common. Notice the subtle differences which may or may not be designed to confuse the consumer. White bread is made from refined flour ie grain from which the bran and germ have been removed so that it only contains the endosperm (the central core of the grain). By contrast wholemeal bread is made from the whole of the wheat grain (endosperm bran and germ) ie from unrefined flour. Brown bread is not the same as wholemeal bread.
So why don t they? For most actually making the bread from scratch is the problem. If you ve never tried making your own bread before it can seem like a complex and mysterious process you re too intimidated to tackle. And the truth is that making bread completely by hand even if you re using a simple recipe really can be a challenge. If you re an experienced bread maker time might be the problem. Making a simple loaf of bread by hand can take several hours. If your life is as busy as most people s you probably just don t have time to make homemade bread. That s where the bread machine comes in. First of all they re fast. You can set up a machine to start making homemade bread in just minutes. Bread machines are also user-friendly.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).