Chickpea Flour Pizza Vegan Gluten Free Nut Free Soy Free

Tuesday, February 19th 2019. | Bread

Chickpea Flour Pizza Vegan Gluten Free Nut Soy Bread

As you can see the germ and bran contain lots of healthy stuff that is not found in the endosperm. Whole grains are cereal grains in their natural state ie they contain all three main parts endosperm bran and germ. Refined grains are groats from which the bran and germ have been removed by grinding and sifting. Refining causes the grains to lose some of their nutritional value. Sometimes nutrients such as vitamins are added back. But as these represent a small fraction of the nutrients removed refined grains are nutritionally inferior to whole grains. Removing the bran and grinding the grains into a fine powder increases the glycemic index value (GI) of the grain ie you digest glucose from refined grains quicker than glucose from whole grains which as a diabetic is not what you want.

To beat your diabetes you need to eat food that is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values ie it releases glucose into your bloodstream relatively slowly. Some kinds of bread fit this bill; others do not. Bread is made from flour ie grain that has been ground into powder. Common wheat is usually used because its flour has high levels of gluten which gives the dough sponginess and elasticity. But bread is also made from other species of wheat (eg durum and spelt) and other grains such as rye barley corn (maize) and oats. The non-wheat grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour. The quality of bread depends largely on the protein content of the flour. The best breads use flour with 12 to 14% protein rather than all-purpose wheat flour which only contains 9 to 12% protein.

This produces bubbles of carbon dioxide which makes the dough rise. This kind of leavening requires proofing ie a resting time to allow the yeast time to reproduce and consume carbohydrates. Breads leavened with yeast have a distinctive flavour. A sourdough starter is a paste of flour and water containing yeast and lactobacilli which has been obtained from a previous batch of dough. It works in the same way as yeast by creating bubbles but it requires much more proofing time than yeast. Sourdough bread has a sour tangy taste. It is used for rye-based breads where yeast is not really effective in leavening the dough. Chemical leaveners are chemical mixtures that release carbon dioxide or other gases when they react to moisture and heat.

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