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Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.
As you can see the germ and bran contain lots of healthy stuff that is not found in the endosperm. Whole grains are cereal grains in their natural state ie they contain all three main parts endosperm bran and germ. Refined grains are groats from which the bran and germ have been removed by grinding and sifting. Refining causes the grains to lose some of their nutritional value. Sometimes nutrients such as vitamins are added back. But as these represent a small fraction of the nutrients removed refined grains are nutritionally inferior to whole grains. Removing the bran and grinding the grains into a fine powder increases the glycemic index value (GI) of the grain ie you digest glucose from refined grains quicker than glucose from whole grains which as a diabetic is not what you want.
Even absolute beginners can turn out a beautiful and delicious loaf of bread with the help of a bread machine. Whether you re an experienced baker or a newbie bread maker there are countless reasons why you need a bread machine in your kitchen. The Advantages of Using a Bread Machine Compared to making bread by hand using a bread machine has several benefits. You Don t Have To Do the Kneading. Kneading is the most arduous part of the bread making process. It s tiring tedious and leaves you with sore arms and tense shoulders. Yes it can be therapeutic. Pounding on a lump of bread dough is a good way to work out your frustrations. However if you ve had a lovely day and just want to make some bread as quickly as possible let the machine do the kneading for you.