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If you are going to buy and sell these bottles even semi-seriously the price of annual dues for the Association is well worth the money. Lactose It is the principal and typical carbohydrate of milk known as milk sugar. Glucose galactose and other sugars such as oligosaccharides are also present in traces. Lactose exists in true solution in milk. It is a disaccharide composed of two molecules of monosacharides; glucose and galactose. Lactose is readily fermented by the lactic acid fermenting bacteria producing lactic acid and has significance in milk and milk products. It exists in two isomeric forms designated as α and β forms of which the β form is more soluble than the alpha form in water. Lactose content of cow milk is 4.9 percent. The lactose content of milk is inversely proportional to the ash content of the milk.
You can find some good information regarding how to identify reproductions along with some pictures of known reproductions from various online sources. If you are interested in learning more about these bottles there are two books currently available that provide some excellent information about how they were made and used along with some basic pricing information. The book are titled "Udderly Beautiful" and "Udderly Splendid" by John Tutton. Both give some rarity and pricing information but because of the large number of bottles produced they don t cover even a small fraction of the bottles produced. Both can be found for sale on either eBay Amazon or in some antique shops. Other sources of information are The National Association Of Milk Bottle Collectors and the individual web sites many of their members maintain.
Milk fat varies in amount and composition according to the breed species feed and lactation time of which feed being a major factor. Fat is distributed in globules as triglycerides (98-99 %) fat globule membrane in combination with phoshpholipids and lipoprotein (0.2 to 1.0 %) and also as free fatty acids cholesterol and phospholipids in the serum. Phospholipids These contain phosphorus in their molecules in addition to the fatty acids and glycerol; they also contain a nitrogenous base. Principally milk phospholipids are the Lecithin Cephalin and Sphingomyelin. Though fat-soluble they are hydrophilic and imbibe large quantity of water and swell. They are used as antioxidants for fat rich dairy products. Vitamins Various vitamins present in milk are as follows.