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So if the first ingredient is whole-wheat flour it is likely that the bread has a lower GI value than bread for which refined flour is listed as the first ingredient. Sometimes the percentage by weight of each main ingredient is shown in brackets in the list and this information can be used to estimate whether the bread has a low GI value. Breads diabetics should avoid White rolls have a GI value of about 73 white loaf about 71 and baguettes a rating of 95 which is extremely high. Indeed to control your diabetes you need to avoid all white bread and also brown bread as it is essentially only coloured white bread. Other breads you need to avoid are quick breads such as Irish soda bread unless they are made from wholemeal flour breads with a high salt content and malted breads which usually have a high sugar content.
You also need to avoid breads made with shortening unless the fat content is less than 3% by weight as well as all fried breads such as Indian puri. This still leaves you with plenty of breads you can eat and still beat your diabetes. Breads diabetics can eat Whole-grain breads usually have low GI values (less than 56). Regular whole-grain bread has a GI value of about 51 while the rating for pumpernickel is about 50. Barley bread (if you can find it) is very dense and has a GI value of about 34 while wheat tortillas have a rating of about 30. Thus as a diabetic you can eat most wholemeal breads rye breads and crisp breads made from rye. You can also eat unleavened flatbreads such as whole-wheat Indian breads like roti and chapatti though you need to check the salt and fat content.
Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.