Gluten Free High Fiber Multi Grain Bread Gluten Free Easy Whole Wheat Bread Minimalist Baker Recipes
Bread and the glycemic index The glycemic index rates foods on a scale of 1 to 100 based on how the foods affect your blood glucose levels. A rating of less than 55 is considered low 56 to 69 medium and 70 plus high. Bread ranges from 34 to 73 or more depending on the kind of grains used to make it. Bread with a low rating will be broken down more slowly in your gut giving you a steady increase in your blood sugar level. Bread with a GI value of 70 or more will cause your blood glucose to spike ie to surge and then drop suddenly. Labels for bread do not usually show whether bread has a low GI value. However you can usually estimate whether the GI value is low or not by checking the ingredients. These are usually listed in descending order by weight.
To beat your diabetes you need to eat food that is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values ie it releases glucose into your bloodstream relatively slowly. Some kinds of bread fit this bill; others do not. Bread is made from flour ie grain that has been ground into powder. Common wheat is usually used because its flour has high levels of gluten which gives the dough sponginess and elasticity. But bread is also made from other species of wheat (eg durum and spelt) and other grains such as rye barley corn (maize) and oats. The non-wheat grains usually have wheat flour mixed into the flour. The quality of bread depends largely on the protein content of the flour. The best breads use flour with 12 to 14% protein rather than all-purpose wheat flour which only contains 9 to 12% protein.
As you can see bread can contain ingredients that those of us who have type 2 diabetes need to avoid... salt and fats. It pays to check the labels. Leavening Leavening is the adding of gas to the dough creating bubbles that make it swell up. This makes the bread lighter and easier to chew. When flour and water are combined to make dough the starch in the flour mixes with the water to form a matrix. When this mixture is leavened (ie gas is added) the dough rises . Then when it sets the bubbles remain trapped in the dough. There are several ways dough can be leavened. However most types of bread are leavened using biological agents containing micro-organisms that release carbon dioxide as part of their life-cycle. These are either yeasts or sourdough starters. Yeast ferments some of the carbohydrates in the flour.