Sweetened Condensed Milk Ii Filling Pitcher With Homemade Sweetened Condensed Milk
Normal milk contains 0.1% whereas colostrum contains 6 %. Milk fat The digestibility of milk is comparatively higher than other oils and fats. This can be attributed to existence of fat globules in aqueous phase forming an emulsion. This facilitates its easy absorption through the intestinal tract when compared to other fats which have to be emulsified with bile salts enzymes from pancreas and fat splitting lipases. Endowed with short and medium chain fatty acids milk fat can be easily absorbed when compared to long chain fatty acids because of the ability of the lipases to split the ester bonds in the former. Supplementation of milk fat in the diet increases the energy density. When compared to human milk the cow milk is low in essential fatty acids such as linoleic and linolenic acids.
Fat Soluble Vitamins - include vitamins A D E and K. Water-soluble vitamins are the B1 (thiamine) B2 (riboflavin) B6 (pyridoxine) Biotin Niacin (nicotinic acid) Pantothenic Acid Para-amino benzoic acid Inositol Choline Folic acid B12 and Ascorbic acid. Fat rich milk products contain large quantities of fat soluble vitamins whereas whole milk skim milk buttermilk and whey are a good source of water soluble vitamins. Minerals The portion left after ashing of milk at 150ºC is known as the ash of milk and is composed of various inorganic constituents. Ash forms about 0.75 % of milk and plays a very important role in milk and is basic in character. The minerals in milk consist principally of the chlorides citrates and bicarbonates of calcium magnesium potassium and sodium.
Milk fat varies in amount and composition according to the breed species feed and lactation time of which feed being a major factor. Fat is distributed in globules as triglycerides (98-99 %) fat globule membrane in combination with phoshpholipids and lipoprotein (0.2 to 1.0 %) and also as free fatty acids cholesterol and phospholipids in the serum. Phospholipids These contain phosphorus in their molecules in addition to the fatty acids and glycerol; they also contain a nitrogenous base. Principally milk phospholipids are the Lecithin Cephalin and Sphingomyelin. Though fat-soluble they are hydrophilic and imbibe large quantity of water and swell. They are used as antioxidants for fat rich dairy products. Vitamins Various vitamins present in milk are as follows.