Gfcf White Bread Vegan Gluten Free Nut Free Soy Free 1 Bowl Vegan Banana Muffins Minimalist Baker Recipes
Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.
So why don t they? For most actually making the bread from scratch is the problem. If you ve never tried making your own bread before it can seem like a complex and mysterious process you re too intimidated to tackle. And the truth is that making bread completely by hand even if you re using a simple recipe really can be a challenge. If you re an experienced bread maker time might be the problem. Making a simple loaf of bread by hand can take several hours. If your life is as busy as most people s you probably just don t have time to make homemade bread. That s where the bread machine comes in. First of all they re fast. You can set up a machine to start making homemade bread in just minutes. Bread machines are also user-friendly.
As you can see the germ and bran contain lots of healthy stuff that is not found in the endosperm. Whole grains are cereal grains in their natural state ie they contain all three main parts endosperm bran and germ. Refined grains are groats from which the bran and germ have been removed by grinding and sifting. Refining causes the grains to lose some of their nutritional value. Sometimes nutrients such as vitamins are added back. But as these represent a small fraction of the nutrients removed refined grains are nutritionally inferior to whole grains. Removing the bran and grinding the grains into a fine powder increases the glycemic index value (GI) of the grain ie you digest glucose from refined grains quicker than glucose from whole grains which as a diabetic is not what you want.