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As you can see bread can contain ingredients that those of us who have type 2 diabetes need to avoid... salt and fats. It pays to check the labels. Leavening Leavening is the adding of gas to the dough creating bubbles that make it swell up. This makes the bread lighter and easier to chew. When flour and water are combined to make dough the starch in the flour mixes with the water to form a matrix. When this mixture is leavened (ie gas is added) the dough rises . Then when it sets the bubbles remain trapped in the dough. There are several ways dough can be leavened. However most types of bread are leavened using biological agents containing micro-organisms that release carbon dioxide as part of their life-cycle. These are either yeasts or sourdough starters. Yeast ferments some of the carbohydrates in the flour.
Any of these mishaps can result in a loaf of bread that s hard tough and about as appetizing as a shoe leather. Luckily using a bread machine makes bread making nearly fool proof. You don t have to worry about how much to knead the dough or whether or not the bread dough will rise. The machine takes care of all of that for you. Now that you know the advantages of using a bread machine it s time to pick one that s right for you. How to Choose a Bread Machine There are a lot of machines on the market. They come in a multitude of shapes and sizes and can have a variety of features. So how do you decide which bread machine is right for you? Ask yourself these questions. How Much Do You Want To Spend? There are cheap machines that can turn out a decent loaf of bread.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).