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Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.
Food For Life offers five varieties of bread: 7 Sprouted Grain 3 varieties of Ezekiel Sprouted Whole Grain (Flax Low Sodium & Sesame) and Sprouted Whole Grain&Seed. Dave s Killer Bread offers eight varieties of bread: 21 Whole Grain Good Seed Power Seed Blues Bread Cracked Wheat Sprouted Wheat Good Seed Spelt and Rockin Rye. All of the five varieties of bread from Food For Life do not use any sugar of any kind. All of the 7 varieties of Dave s Killer Bread use either organic dried cane syrup or organic cultured wheat (or both) as a natural preservative. For any of Dave s breads the amount of sugar added averages 4 grams per slice. For those of you cutting carbs to get that ripped body ready for the stage you may want to choose bread s from Food For Life exclusively in that 12 week pre show prep time.
As you can see the germ and bran contain lots of healthy stuff that is not found in the endosperm. Whole grains are cereal grains in their natural state ie they contain all three main parts endosperm bran and germ. Refined grains are groats from which the bran and germ have been removed by grinding and sifting. Refining causes the grains to lose some of their nutritional value. Sometimes nutrients such as vitamins are added back. But as these represent a small fraction of the nutrients removed refined grains are nutritionally inferior to whole grains. Removing the bran and grinding the grains into a fine powder increases the glycemic index value (GI) of the grain ie you digest glucose from refined grains quicker than glucose from whole grains which as a diabetic is not what you want.