Extra Gingery Gingerbread Soy Free
In fact brown bread is nothing more than white bread to which a (usually caramel-based) colouring has been added to make it brown; it may also have up to 10% added bran. Whole-grain bead is white bread to which whole grains have been added to increase its fibre content; eg 60% whole-grain bread . It is not the same as wholemeal bread which is made from 100% whole grains. Granary bread is made from flaked wheat grains and white or brown flour. Wheat germ bread is any kind of bread to which wheat germ has been added for flavouring. Rye bread is bread made with rye rather than wheat. It has more fibre than most other breads a darker colour and a stronger flavour. Crisp bread is a flat and dry type of bread or cracker made mostly of rye flour.
Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.
Plenty of breads can be classified as semi-wholemeal ie bread made form a mix of whole grains and refined grains. It is noticeable that as the ratio of whole grains in the flour drops. For example a 50:50 mix of wholemeal and refined flour usually has a GI value of at least 58 while 100% wholemeal bread has an average GI value of 51. Thus you need to be cautious when eating whole-grain bread (white bread with added whole grains) and granary bread. You should only eat small amounts of white pitta bread (GI value about 57). Whole-grain pitta however has a slightly lower GI value due to the phytates they contain which slow the rate of digestion. Conclusion So there you have it. When deciding which bread to choose to beat your diabetes you should favour bread made from 100% wholemeal flour which has a low salt (sodium) content little fat (maximum 3% by weight) and does not contain added sugar. You ll find all this information as well as the amount of fibre the bread contains on the label.