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Whole grains or refined grains? When cereal grains such as wheat are harvested they are surrounded by a tough protective coating called a husk. Before you can eat the grains the husk has to be removed. This is done by threshing (beating the grains) and winnowing (blowing away the chaff ie the broken off bits of husk). The grain without its husk is called a groat. It consists of three main parts: the endosperm germ and bran. The endosperm is the main tissue inside the grain and provides nutrition in the form of starch protein and oils. The germ is the embryo the reproductive part that germinates and grows into a plant. It is surrounded by the endosperm. The germ contains several essential nutrients. Wheat germ for example is a concentrated source of vitamin E folate phosphorus thiamine zinc and magnesium essential fatty acids and fatty alcohols. Bran is the hard outer layer of grain. It is rich in dietary fibre and essential fatty acids and contains starch protein vitamins and minerals.
Choose Recipes Carefully. Not every recipe will work correctly in a bread maker. Fortunately a quick Internet search is all it takes to find bread recipes that have been modified for use in bread makers. You can also find ready-made mixes especially made for bread machines. These mixes are convenient affordable and almost impossible to screw up. Don t Leave Bread In the Machine for Too Long. Homemade bread is the best when it s still warm. Some machines can keep bread warm long after it has finished baking. However bread left in the machine for too long could end up being soggy and not a lot of fun to eat. Make the Bread Easy To Remove. Thoroughly spray the inside of the machine with cooking spray before adding the ingredients. This will make the bread easier to remove after baking.
Plenty of breads can be classified as semi-wholemeal ie bread made form a mix of whole grains and refined grains. It is noticeable that as the ratio of whole grains in the flour drops. For example a 50:50 mix of wholemeal and refined flour usually has a GI value of at least 58 while 100% wholemeal bread has an average GI value of 51. Thus you need to be cautious when eating whole-grain bread (white bread with added whole grains) and granary bread. You should only eat small amounts of white pitta bread (GI value about 57). Whole-grain pitta however has a slightly lower GI value due to the phytates they contain which slow the rate of digestion. Conclusion So there you have it. When deciding which bread to choose to beat your diabetes you should favour bread made from 100% wholemeal flour which has a low salt (sodium) content little fat (maximum 3% by weight) and does not contain added sugar. You ll find all this information as well as the amount of fibre the bread contains on the label.