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Of course any lettuce plant will reach a point where its leaves taste very bitter and by mid August much of the lettuce for his salads comes from the local supermarket - but he still gets dozens of other ingredients from the garden. Here are some of those other greens in Grandpa Green s garden that find their way into his delicious salads. Radicchio provides a nice burgundy red color. Be careful to use sparingly in a salad as radicchio is naturally bitter and remove the thick white stem part of each leaf. Arugula is very easy to grow from seed and you can start by harvesting the extra seedlings for salad while thinning out the seedlings. Pick individual leaves as the plants grow and you can get two or three months worth of arugula flavor from each plant. I find arugula one of the most interesting flavors in a salad.
A delicate seasonal food it was enjoyed in summer only and not available year round until the 20th century when California grew and shipped head lettuce nationwide. No question foodie president Thomas Jefferson experimented with a number of varieties which were served daily to his family and dinner guests with vinaigrette dressing or a sprinkling of herbs and mayonnaise (his chef was French-trained). As Americans developed more sophisticated tastes traditional iceberg lettuce took a backseat to Romaine arugula endive radicchio and field greens. Originally these varieties were considered greens for the elite due to price and perishability. Of late retro salads are showing up with quarters of iceberg lettuce and dressing. For Boomers who grew up on the stuff it harkens back to the 50s along with Spam salad meatloaf canned fruit cocktail and Popsicles.
There are many common salad ingredients which can be used in combinations for: - green salads - mostly made with a type of lettuce as a base ingredient - added items could be raw vegetables fruits nuts cooked meats eggs cheeses etc. These are usually topped with a dressing that is either mayonnaise based (dressing) or oil-based (vinaigrette) - vegetable salads - sometimes made with just raw vegetables but more often with blanched vegetables (to soften them up a bit) fruit (other than dried) is rarely added but nuts & cheeses are common. A sauce or dressing can be used for flavour and to bind the ingredients together. - mixed green salads - This type of salad is usually composed of a variety of lettuces (of which there are many).