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As you can see bread can contain ingredients that those of us who have type 2 diabetes need to avoid... salt and fats. It pays to check the labels. Leavening Leavening is the adding of gas to the dough creating bubbles that make it swell up. This makes the bread lighter and easier to chew. When flour and water are combined to make dough the starch in the flour mixes with the water to form a matrix. When this mixture is leavened (ie gas is added) the dough rises . Then when it sets the bubbles remain trapped in the dough. There are several ways dough can be leavened. However most types of bread are leavened using biological agents containing micro-organisms that release carbon dioxide as part of their life-cycle. These are either yeasts or sourdough starters. Yeast ferments some of the carbohydrates in the flour.
The bread machine is one modern invention that doesn t get nearly as much credit as it deserves. In fact compared to toasters blenders and coffee makers bread machines are the unsung heroes of kitchen appliances. It s a real shame when you think about it. Good kitchen appliances are prized because they make life a little easier. And bread machines take one of the most time consuming labor intensive things you can do in a kitchen-making bread-and makes it both fast and easy. There s just nothing like eating a slice of warm homemade bread fresh from the oven. And not only does homemade bread taste great it also smells heavenly. In fact the smell of bread baking in the oven can do anything from improve your mood to help sell your house. Most people would eat fresh homemade bread every day if they could.
The intuitive answer is that it must worsen the GI value because it introduces air into the matrix. But according to researchers in New Zealand the leavening agents used in making bread do not have any impact on the GI of the bread. Types of bread There are hundreds of different breads in the world. Here are a few of the most common. Notice the subtle differences which may or may not be designed to confuse the consumer. White bread is made from refined flour ie grain from which the bran and germ have been removed so that it only contains the endosperm (the central core of the grain). By contrast wholemeal bread is made from the whole of the wheat grain (endosperm bran and germ) ie from unrefined flour. Brown bread is not the same as wholemeal bread.