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So if the first ingredient is whole-wheat flour it is likely that the bread has a lower GI value than bread for which refined flour is listed as the first ingredient. Sometimes the percentage by weight of each main ingredient is shown in brackets in the list and this information can be used to estimate whether the bread has a low GI value. Breads diabetics should avoid White rolls have a GI value of about 73 white loaf about 71 and baguettes a rating of 95 which is extremely high. Indeed to control your diabetes you need to avoid all white bread and also brown bread as it is essentially only coloured white bread. Other breads you need to avoid are quick breads such as Irish soda bread unless they are made from wholemeal flour breads with a high salt content and malted breads which usually have a high sugar content.
The most popular is baking powder a mixture of a carbonate or bicarbonate (usually sodium bicarbonate) and one or more acid salts. Baking powder works by releasing carbon dioxide gas into the dough when it gets wet creating bubbles that expand the wet mixture. It is used instead of yeast for breads where the flavours of fermentation would be undesirable or where the dough lacks the elastic structure needed to hold gas bubbles for more than a few minutes. Because carbon dioxide is released at a faster rate through the acid-base reaction than through fermentation breads made by chemical leavening are called quick breads. Examples of quick breads include Irish soda bread banana bread pancakes carrot cake and muffins.The big question for diabetics of course is whether the rising method has any effect on the glycemic index (GI) value of the bread.
It is the high fibre in the bran of the whole grains which slows the release of glucose. Whole grains are great for our health in many other ways thanks to their high levels of vitamins and minerals. Most whole grains are particularly rich in B vitamins. Whole grains also have plenty of protein. One of these proteins is gluten. Gluten makes dough elastic which helps it to rise and keep its shape. It constitutes about 80% of the protein in wheat seed which is one reason why wheat is popular for bread-making. It is also found in barley and rye. Making bread Bread is made by mixing up dough a paste of flour and water (or other liquid). The dough is usually leavened (see below) allowed to rise and then cooked. Breads may also contain extra ingredients such as salt or butter to improve taste.