Northwoods Bran Muffins Soy Free
So if the first ingredient is whole-wheat flour it is likely that the bread has a lower GI value than bread for which refined flour is listed as the first ingredient. Sometimes the percentage by weight of each main ingredient is shown in brackets in the list and this information can be used to estimate whether the bread has a low GI value. Breads diabetics should avoid White rolls have a GI value of about 73 white loaf about 71 and baguettes a rating of 95 which is extremely high. Indeed to control your diabetes you need to avoid all white bread and also brown bread as it is essentially only coloured white bread. Other breads you need to avoid are quick breads such as Irish soda bread unless they are made from wholemeal flour breads with a high salt content and malted breads which usually have a high sugar content.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).
This produces bubbles of carbon dioxide which makes the dough rise. This kind of leavening requires proofing ie a resting time to allow the yeast time to reproduce and consume carbohydrates. Breads leavened with yeast have a distinctive flavour. A sourdough starter is a paste of flour and water containing yeast and lactobacilli which has been obtained from a previous batch of dough. It works in the same way as yeast by creating bubbles but it requires much more proofing time than yeast. Sourdough bread has a sour tangy taste. It is used for rye-based breads where yeast is not really effective in leavening the dough. Chemical leaveners are chemical mixtures that release carbon dioxide or other gases when they react to moisture and heat.