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Any of these mishaps can result in a loaf of bread that s hard tough and about as appetizing as a shoe leather. Luckily using a bread machine makes bread making nearly fool proof. You don t have to worry about how much to knead the dough or whether or not the bread dough will rise. The machine takes care of all of that for you. Now that you know the advantages of using a bread machine it s time to pick one that s right for you. How to Choose a Bread Machine There are a lot of machines on the market. They come in a multitude of shapes and sizes and can have a variety of features. So how do you decide which bread machine is right for you? Ask yourself these questions. How Much Do You Want To Spend? There are cheap machines that can turn out a decent loaf of bread.
This produces bubbles of carbon dioxide which makes the dough rise. This kind of leavening requires proofing ie a resting time to allow the yeast time to reproduce and consume carbohydrates. Breads leavened with yeast have a distinctive flavour. A sourdough starter is a paste of flour and water containing yeast and lactobacilli which has been obtained from a previous batch of dough. It works in the same way as yeast by creating bubbles but it requires much more proofing time than yeast. Sourdough bread has a sour tangy taste. It is used for rye-based breads where yeast is not really effective in leavening the dough. Chemical leaveners are chemical mixtures that release carbon dioxide or other gases when they react to moisture and heat.
Improvers are additives used to quicken the rising time increase volume and enhance texture. Salt is one of the most common improvers; it is used to enhance flavour and the crumb (the inside of the bread) by strengthening the gluten. Improvers may include ascorbic acid and ammonium chloride. Certain fats such as butter vegetable oils lard and egg fat are solid at room temperature. These shortenings as they are known are used to keep the structure together during the development of the gluten. A fat content of about 3% by weight is considered best to enhance leavening. Fats also help tenderise bread and preserve its freshness. Cooking is usually by baking in an oven. But bread can be made by frying in oil (eg Indian puri) baking on a dry frying pan (eg Mexican tortillas) and by steaming (eg Chinese mantou).