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This produces bubbles of carbon dioxide which makes the dough rise. This kind of leavening requires proofing ie a resting time to allow the yeast time to reproduce and consume carbohydrates. Breads leavened with yeast have a distinctive flavour. A sourdough starter is a paste of flour and water containing yeast and lactobacilli which has been obtained from a previous batch of dough. It works in the same way as yeast by creating bubbles but it requires much more proofing time than yeast. Sourdough bread has a sour tangy taste. It is used for rye-based breads where yeast is not really effective in leavening the dough. Chemical leaveners are chemical mixtures that release carbon dioxide or other gases when they react to moisture and heat.
Flatbreads are made from unleavened dough of flour water and salt though a few are made with yeast. Flatbreads are especially popular in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. Roti is the unleavened whole-wheat bread of India; chapatti is the large version of roti; naan is the leavened equivalent. Bread for diabetics To beat your diabetes you need to ensure that the food you eat is low in sugar low in fat low in salt high in fibre and has low GI values. This is a fairly easy thing to do... all you have to do is read the labels to see the amount of sugar fat salt and fibre in a particular loaf of bread. The problem with the labels for breads is that they do not normally indicate the glycemic index (GI) value of the bread.
In fact brown bread is nothing more than white bread to which a (usually caramel-based) colouring has been added to make it brown; it may also have up to 10% added bran. Whole-grain bead is white bread to which whole grains have been added to increase its fibre content; eg 60% whole-grain bread . It is not the same as wholemeal bread which is made from 100% whole grains. Granary bread is made from flaked wheat grains and white or brown flour. Wheat germ bread is any kind of bread to which wheat germ has been added for flavouring. Rye bread is bread made with rye rather than wheat. It has more fibre than most other breads a darker colour and a stronger flavour. Crisp bread is a flat and dry type of bread or cracker made mostly of rye flour.
Plenty of breads can be classified as semi-wholemeal ie bread made form a mix of whole grains and refined grains. It is noticeable that as the ratio of whole grains in the flour drops. For example a 50:50 mix of wholemeal and refined flour usually has a GI value of at least 58 while 100% wholemeal bread has an average GI value of 51. Thus you need to be cautious when eating whole-grain bread (white bread with added whole grains) and granary bread. You should only eat small amounts of white pitta bread (GI value about 57). Whole-grain pitta however has a slightly lower GI value due to the phytates they contain which slow the rate of digestion. Conclusion So there you have it. When deciding which bread to choose to beat your diabetes you should favour bread made from 100% wholemeal flour which has a low salt (sodium) content little fat (maximum 3% by weight) and does not contain added sugar. You ll find all this information as well as the amount of fibre the bread contains on the label.